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2017/12月 13

管理科学与工程系学术论坛第六十七讲

管理科学与工程系学术论坛第六十七讲
开始时间:2017-12-13 12:00
活动地点:明德商学楼1008室
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主   题:Impacts of Technological and Market Overlaps with Coopetitors on Breakthrough Inventions竞合伙伴的技术和市场重合对突破创新的影响

主讲人: 闫岩(荷兰格罗宁根大学创新与战略系博士生)

讲座摘要: 

Coopetition — namely, collaboration between competitors — is an increasingly important phenomenon in business strategy. Whereas extant research tends to conceptualize coopetitors in homogeneous terms, we explicitly consider the heterogeneity of coopetitors in terms of technological and market overlap with the focal firm. We expect that the level of technological and market overlap between the focal firm and its coopetitors substantially influences focal firms’ ability to maximize technological value creation opportunities from coopetitors and minimize technological value appropriation risks. To examine these theoretical arguments empirically, we construct a unique data set that compiles new coding data and archival databases from 323 firms in the global solar photovoltaic industry during a 21-year period (1995-2015). Our results indicate an inverted U-shaped relationship between the focal firm’s technological overlap with coopetitors and its breakthrough inventions. In addition, we find that market overlap moderates this relationship. Jointly, these findings enrich extant coopetition literature, pointing to the relevance and importance of making more fine-grained distinctions between different types of coopetitors.

竞合(即与竞争者合作)是商业实践中日益重要的战略。现存的竞合研究倾向于将企业的竞合伙伴视为同质的,而我们的研究指出了竞合伙伴所具有的异质性,考虑到企业与竞合伙伴之间的技术和市场重合度。我们认为企业与其竞合伙伴的技术和市场重合度,将显著影响该企业最大化技术价值创造(value creation),和最小化技术价值挪用(value appropriation)的能力。为了实证检验我们的理论假设,通过数据手工编码(基于LexisNexis)和现有数据库(SDC, Compustat, Orbis, PATSTAT)结合的方式,我们构建了全球太阳能光伏领域323个企业在1995-2015年的面板数据。我们的结果表明,企业与竞合伙伴的技术重合度与该企业的突破创新绩效呈倒U型关系,市场重合度在这个关系上起到调节作用。我们的发现丰富了现有的竞合文献,指出细化竞合伙伴差异的重要性。

主讲人简介:

闫岩,荷兰格罗宁根大学(University of Groningen)创新与战略系(Innovation management & strategy)博士生,中国科学院大学经济与管理学院博士生,本科毕业于中国人民大学数学与应用数学系。目前的研究方向主要包括技术创新网络和企业竞合战略。与导师一同发表SCI/SSCI期刊论文9篇,其中有2篇论文刊登在FT50期刊Research Policy(创新管理顶级期刊),6篇论文刊登在JCR一区国际期刊。发表过的期刊包括Research Policy, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Journal of Informetrics等,另有多篇论文正在国际主流期刊的大修和评审过程当中。本次报告论文入选2017年美国管理学会年会论文集,并由报告人在该年会做过报告。